Being a homeowner can be so much fun! But it takes a lot of work, maintenance, and care. Some things need to be handled by a professional, but you don’t need to call someone for the little things. Here are eight DIY tasks that every person should know how to fix in their home.

1.      Lightbulbs

Of all the home repairs, lightbulbs are probably the easiest and most basic which makes it a good thing to learn first if you are just joining the DIY world.  To change a light bulb, you should do the following:

-          Start by turning the lightbulb off, then you will need to let the bulb cool off.

-          Unscrew it and screw in the replacement.

-          If the lightbulb is stuck get a two-foot strip of duct tape and make it into a circle, loop it around the base and turn the loop counter-clockwise. Hold an end of the tape in each hand.

2.      Drains

We’re sure you have experienced the disgusting (and annoying) tub clogging that occurs when too much hair gets in the shower drain. But drains in different areas of your house can also experience more serious clogs. Kitchen sinks are commonly an instigator of these major problems but are easy to fix.

Check your garbage disposal, turn it on and check to see if there is a low humming sound. If the disposal seems to be working right, try using a plunger to clear the drain (but don’t forget to put a clamp on the dishwasher drain hose). Make sure there are 3-4 inches of water in the sink. If that doesn’t fix it, try snaking the drain beneath the sink.

3.      Garbage Disposal

If you hear a grinding sound as your garbage disposal runs, that probably means that the disposal is jammed. If you hear this sound, turn off the disposal, unplug it, and try to remove whatever is causing it to be jammed by shoving an Allen key into the base of the unit.

4.      Squeaky Door

Do you feel like you live in a horror movie every time you move any of your doors? Here are a few DIY hacks you can use to stop those horrible squeaks. You probably have a lot these things at home.

First, rub some non-glycerin-based soap bar or olive oil on the hinge. If it doesn’t work, remove the rust with a hammer and cover it with petroleum jelly or melted wax from a paraffin candle.

5.      Smoke Detector

Is your smoke alarm getting annoying with that random beeping?  That means it probably needs a battery replacement. Many smoke alarms need a 9-volt battery.

Remove the alarm from the wall and replace the batteries. You may be able to hit the reset button and fix the problem if it is not the batteries. If the issue is the smoke alarm itself, and not just the batteries, you will need to buy a new alarm. Each model is different and has different installation directions, but you always need to start by cutting off the electricity flow, so you don’t get zapped.

6.      Stuck Windows

If a window is really stuck no amount of muscle is going to open it and you’ve checked to make sure it’s not locked there are some DIY tricks that can help you open your window!

Look for paint around the window that is sealing it shut, remove it with your finger or a pocket knife. Next, try and put a putty knife in between the window and the frame, wiggling it all around the window.

If you still haven’t got it, then use a hammer that is cushioned with a wood block to softly tap the window frame. Make sure that you are not tapping the glass! After these 3 things it should open, but if it doesn’t then you can pry it open with a pry bar.

7.      Vacuum

If your vacuum isn’t working, then here are some DIY hacks just for you to try before you go out to buy a new one or get the professionals involved.

-          Start by changing the vacuum bag and cleaning all filters.

-          Check the hose for clogs and clean them.

Your owner’s manual will give you instructions on how to change the belt and on any overheating details that may cause it to shut down by itself. Anything after these things may need to be looked at by a professional.

8.      Holes in the Wall

Small holes in the wall are easy to fix if you know how to do it well. All you need is a bit of fast-drying spackle that you can get at your local hardware store.

Clean any dust or debris from the hole before you spackle. You’ll need to let it sit for about 24 hours before you can sand it flat. Wider holes may require the assistance of a patch kit which normally uses a self-adhesive mesh patch to fix the hole.

These kits are also found at the hardware store and are easy to use if you follow the directions.